Horizon’s 2020 Societal Challenge 5 (Climate action, environment, resource efficiency and raw materials) is covering topics that represent one of the global and biggest challenge facing humanity. Many of Earth’s most critical natural resources (forests, fisheries, water, coal, oil) suffer from mishandling, mismanagement and unsustainable use. As a result, their long-term sustainability is at risk. New approaches to conservation, resource management and governance are needed for freshwater resources, global food production, sea levels, raw materials and human security.
The space-based solution can provide researchers and policy-makers with vital information about the Earth’s climate system, enabling the monitoring, prediction, modelling and implementation of mitigation and adaptation measures. Remote-sensing and communication satellites can be used to help develop Arctic infrastructure, to sustainably manage the Arctic environment, to aid scientific research and improve our knowledge. Space-based technologies also allow for improved observation, tracking and management of resource abundance and reduction.