The OpenAIRE2020 project is a large-scale initiative that aims to promote open science and substantially improve the discoverability and reusability of research publications and data. The project includes 50 partners covering all EU countries and beyond. The initiative brings together professionals from various backgrounds: research libraries, open scholarship organisations, national e-Infrastructure and data experts, IT and legal researchers.
The bioeconomy means the production of renewable biological resources and the conversion of these resources, residues, by-products and side streams into value added products, such as food, feed, bio-based products, services and bioenergy (EU Bioeconomy Strategy 2012).
This article aims to give an overview on what is happening in regards Bioeconomy policy development on European level. While Bioeconomy as a word is included in the work programme for Societal Challenge 2, it is also a concept relevant for Societal Challenge 5 topics, from the point of view of (bio-based) raw materials, circular economy, nature-based solutions, and climate change.
The European Bioeconomy Manifesto was published and presented by the European Bioeconomy Stakeholder Panel to the Research and Innovation Commissioner Carlos Moedas at the end of November 2017.
The manifesto is an important boost for the Bioeconomy development in Europe, not the least because of the representative group of stakeholders who stand behind it. The Stakeholder Panel (footnote), who prepared the manifesto, brings together stakeholders from various different sectors: industry, research, primary producers, regions and NGOs. A common manifesto from sectors with different agendas gives a strong message to policy makers in Europe to further support the move towards a biobased economy.
The manifesto is divided into four sections: 1.) Introduction, 2.) Guiding Principles for Development of the Bioeconomy, 3.) Actions, 4.) Recommendations to the EU and Member States.
The newly published work programme for Societal Challenges 5 includes several calls for cities and urban development. The focus in the calls is on circular cities, nature-based solutions, health in cities and transforming urban heritage:
- CE-SC5-03-2018: Demonstrating systemic urban development for circular and regenerative cities. Innovation Action, Budget range 10 MEUR per project
- SC5-13-2018-2019: Strengthening international cooperation on sustainable urbanisation: nature-based solutions for restoration and rehabilitation of urban ecosystems. Research and Innovation action, budget range: 5 MEUR per project
- SC5-14-2019: Visionary and integrated solutions to improve well-being and health in cities. Innovation Action, budget range 10 MEUR per project
- SC5-20-2019: Transforming historic urban areas and/or cultural landscapes into hubs of entrepreneurship and social and cultural integration. Innovation action, budget range: 7-8 MEUR per project